Common Raven Tracks and Sign

Common Raven along Columbia River: TracksCommon Raven along Columbia River: TracksCommon Raven along Columbia River: Tracks walking

Track Notes: 4" length, Range 3-3/4 to 4/3/4". Walk and hop
toes are fuller, especially as they come together at the metatarsal. But metatarsal does not often register.
Notes: One thing I note with raven tracks is how toe 1 becomes fatter as it joins the metatarsal pad. 

Similar Species:
American Crow, tracks are smaller, range 2-15/16" to 3-5/8" length.
Hawks, spend less time on the ground and more bulbous toe pads.

Certainty: all images 100%.

My favorite animal tracking books, click here.

All photos are taken by Terry Kem unless otherwise noted on image.